The first election of officers of the newly established and newly named Fabius Township took place on April 5, 1841 at the home of Alfred Poe. Frederick Shurtz was the first supervisor and Thomas Ward the first clerk. Other officers elected included three assessors, three school inspectors, three road commissioners, two school directors, two constables, and two justices of the peace. In the census of 1850, there were 497 persons living in Fabius Township.